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Index to Leading Articles 


The Cruise of the Shenandoah 1 

By Capt. IV. H. McElroy 

Destruction of the Fleet 8 

By Admiral Wright 

Mr. Mars, the Earth and Miss Venus 10 

Duplicate Cribbage 11 

Short Proof of Division 12 

By the Navigator 

Our Mast Head 13 

"Our Mission" 
"Story of a Stigma" 


The Confederate Sailor 

Application for Entry as Second Class Matter Pending 

Vol. 1 


No. 1 

The Cruise of the Shenandoah 

By Capt. W. H. McElroy 

On the sixth of November, 1865, the Con- 
federate man-o'-war, Shenandoah, flying 
the flag of a government no longer in ex- 
istence, came to anchor at Liverpool, and 
delivered herself up to the English authori- 
ties. During that year so much had hap- 
pened, so great had been the stress and 
strain of events in the South, that few, ex- 
cept those personally interested, thought of 
this vessel. Her very existence was un- 
known to many. The exploits of the "Sum- 
ter," the "Florida," and the "Alabama" 
were on every tongue. The "Shenandoah," 
the number of whose captures exceeded 
forty, had been in distant seas, where for 
two months after the surrender she was 
still capturing and destroying the whaling 
fleets of the United States, and bringing 
upon herself the charges of piracy. 

The death of Dr. Lining, who was sur- 
geon of the Shenandoah, recalled to the 
memory of his friends the journal he was 
known to have kept during the cruise, and 
a desire was expressed that parts of it at 
least should be made public. Among his 
papers was found an unfinished article 
which had been written in 1893, to correct 
some inaccuracies in a long newspaper ac- 
count, signed by James Riley, and purport- 
ing to be "the reminiscences" of her acting 
assistant surgeon, J. F. McNulty, of Boston. 
From this article, and from the Journal it- 
self, the following pages have been com- 
piled : 

Thirteen Months' Cruise 

"The cruise of the 'Shenandoah' was a re- 
markable one in many respects, but was 
most remarkable in that it carried to com- 

pletion a cruise of thirteen months, from 
Liverpool, round the Cape of Good Hope, 
and up and down from well within the 
Arctic Sea, to the iceberg regions of the 
South, back to Liverpool by Cape Horn. 
During all this time her anchor was down 
but twice, once at Melbourne, and again at 
Ponapi, an island of the Pacific. Her cap- 
tures supplied her with provisions, except 
one bullock at Tristan d'Aunha, and the 
supplies obtained at Melbourne. But two 
men were lost by death, and both of these 
from causes not ine'de'trt to the voyage, and 
she was commanded by the youngest and 
most inexperienced set of officers who ever 
went on a cruise, begun under such dis- 
couraging circumstances. 

"Imagine a 1 160-ton merchant ship to- 
tally unprovided with everything pertain- 
ing to a man-of-war — no strengthening of 
decks, no portholes, no magazines for chat 
or shell, with scanty quarters for the offi- 
cers, not an article of furniture for the 
staterooms, and no post to visit for the sup- 
ply of necessities. Then imagine this bare 
shell of a ship taken possession of on the 
high seas on the lee side of an island by a 
set of line officers, but two of whom had 
even made a full cruise on a man-of-war. 
viz. : her captain, and the master, who had 
been midshipmen on the "Alabama"' Two 
had been graduated at the LTiited States 
Naval Academy in 1858, and were midship- 
men on their first cruise when the war broke 
out, two had entered the Naval Academy in 
1859, and two in 1860 or 1861, and one had 
made a cruise on a merchant ship before 
the mast. But all were full of health, and 


The Confederate Sailor 

enthusiasm, and of a courage that nothing 
could daunt. 

"The following is a correct list of these 
officers as far as it goes: James I. Waddell, 
North Carolina, commander; William C. 
Whittle, Virginia, first lieutenant, executive 
officer; John Grimball, South Carolina, sec- 
ond lieutenant; Dabney M. Scales, Missis- 
sippi, fourth lieutenant; F. T. Chew, Mis- 
souri, fifth lieutenant; John T. Mason, Vir- 
ginia midshipman ; Matt O'Brien, Missis- 
sippi, chief engineer; Charles E. Lining, 
South Carolina, surgeon ; W. Breedlove 
Smith, Louisiana, paymaster; Irving Bul- 
lock, Georgia, master. 

"N. F. J. McNulty, acting assistant sur- 
geon on the blockade runner 'Laurel,' left 
Liverpool on the 9th of October, 1864, 
'Laurel' carrying officers, guns, gun-car- 
riages, ammunition, and stores for the 
future ; 'Shenandoah, which as the Sea 
King, was to sail from London. The ren- 
devous was to be the island of Porto Santo, 
where the 'Alabama" had been fitted out. 

"On the fourteenth the 'Laurel' anchored 
in the harbor of Funchal Island of Madeira, 
where she was to await the Sea King. No 
one was allowed to go on shore for fear of 
exciting suspicion. On the evening of the 
seventeenth a large, full-rigged steamer re- 
sembling the Sea King, appeared off the 
harbor and disappeared, it being too dark 
to signal. Next morning she came in sight, 
signalled and steamed past. As soon as the 
clearance papers of the 'Laurel' could be 
obtained she followed, going round the 
Deserta so as to be hidden from Madeira. 
On the lee side of Pugio, the most south- 
ern of the three Desertas, a desolate vol- 
canic rock rising abruptly from the sea. 
they found smooth water and complete 
shelter from the wind, and there it was de- 
termined to make the transfer. Getting in 
as close to the island as possible, the two 
vessels were made fast to each other, and 
the work was rapidly done, the officers 

working as hard as the men. By after- 
noon of next day everything was on board 
Getting a Crew 

"It was now necessary to get a crew. 
A few sailors who had been on the 'Ala- 
bama' had come out on the 'Laurel,' but 
some of these backed out, in spite of 
offers of high pay and bounty money. But 
twenty men were enlisted from the crew 
of the 'Laurel,' and in this number were 
included the fireman, coalheavers, cooks and 
boys — twenty men to man a full-rigged ship 
and steamer combined, which was to carry 
for armament, six large guns and two small 
ones. But there were with the engineers 
twenty-three officers, and then it was that 
these young men showed their mettle. 
When older and more experienced men, 
knowing the dangers and difficulties to be 
encountered, might have hesitated, they 
went to the captain and told him that they 
were unwilling to fail without making a 
trial, and that they would do any and all 
the work in their power and trust to get- 
ting a full complement of men from their 
captures. And well that promise was re- 
deemed. For ten long days this handful of 
men and boys toiled as few toil for their 
daily bread. 

"They broke out and stored the provi- 
sions, fixed the gun-carriages, and mounted 
the guns. The carpenter and his mates cut 
and fitted the portholes, and they, with the 
gunners, put the guns into position for use. 
They set, reefed, and took in sail and as- 
sumed general care of the ship. The pros- 
pect was dreary enough. There were no 
storerooms for any one department, though 
there were large holds and a fine berth deck. 

"In the midst of getting things below, a 
sail was reported bearing down upon the 
island, having very much the appearance 
of a man-of-war. 

"Orders were given to up-anchor, and all 
hands worked at the breaks, while the 
'Laurel' gallantly made for the stranger to 

Southern Pamphlets 

Rare Book Collectioa 

UNC-Chapel Hill 

The Confederate Sailor 

find out what she was, and if possible, to 
lead her away. To the relief of every one 
she soon showed English colors, and con- 
tinued on her course. The anchor up, and 
having steamed clear of the island, just 
before sunset, a Confederate flag was raised 
the nineteenth day of October. The 'Laurel' 
dipped her flag and gave three cheers, and 
the Sea King, now the 'Shenandoah,' went 
into commission. The last allotment was 
sent to the 'Laurel' just before dark, and 
she bore away. At the last moment two 
more men and a carpenter shipped, making 
twenty-two men and twenty- four officers, 
and with this small crew the 'Shenandoah' 
set out on her cruise. 

First Prizes 
''Seven prizes were taken between Octo- 
ber 29 and December 4. out of which men 
enough enlisted to enable the officers to 
cease labor and attend to their own duties. 
Six of these prizes were burned, and one 
ransomed. One of them had, as cargo, a 
lot of furniture, out of which everyone 
supplied his need?, and one had a quantity 
of provisions. There were now many 
prisoners on board, and it was decided to 
leave them at Tristan D'Aunha, not very 
far from St. Helena. There was a small 
population of only twenty-six souls on this 
island, and the head man came off to the 
ship to protest against having twenty-eight 
prisoners left there without suitable provi- 
sions being made for their support. Think- 
ing this complaint just, the captain gave 
four barrels of beef, four of pork, a cask 
of flour, and 1918 pounds of bread to the 
prisoners. With this they profes.-ed them- 
selves satisfied. A note was sent to the 
Americans, telling them that the provisions 
were for their use, and the 'Shenandoah' 
went on her way, bound for Australia. 
Nothing of any interest occurred during 
the long run to Melbourne, except the cap- 
ture of the bark 'Delphine,' which was 

Arrives at Melbourne 
"On January 25, the 'Shenandoah' went 
up the Hobson Bay, and anchored off Mel- 
bourne. The arrival of a Confederate ves- 
sel had been telegraphed up from the head;, 
where the pilot had been taken on board. 
Crowded steamboats, tugs, and sailboats 
came down to meet her, and the sensation 
was immense. On communication to the 
Governor, Sir Charles Darling, and await- 
ing his reply, no visitors were allowed on 
board. By next afternoon the crowd became 
so great and then importunities so urgent, 
orders were given to admit them. That 
evening permission was received from the 
Governor to repair ship, but at the same 
time requested the captain to state the na- 
ture of the repairs needed, so that the length 
of time necessary for them might be known. 
Captain Waddell replied that he would call 
upon Sir Charles Darling at the Govern- 
ment House next day, the twenty-eighth, at 
twelve noon. Punctually at the appointed 
hour the captain with three of his officers 
presented themselves, but the Governor 
was out. 

"Crowds continued to visit the ship. One 
railroad alone brought down 7,000 persons. 
At one time, with scarcely standing room 
upon the decks, two steamboats waited 
alongside, and had to be sent away because 
there was no room on board to receive the 
passengers they carried. Never was more 
boundless hospitality than that shown by 
the people of Australia, the whole popula- 
tion seeming anxious to neutralize the treat- 
ment of the government officials. The rail- 
roads sent free passes. One theater gave 
a special entertainment to the officers and 
crew of the 'Shenandoah.' Invitations to 
dinners and entertainments at private 
houses were numerous, and a dinner given 
by the Melbourne Club was most magni- 
ficent. The only two toasts of the evening 
were 'The Oueen' and 'The Captain and 
Officers of the "Shenandoah," ' the last fol- 

The Confederate Sailor 

lowing by three cheers, which was an in- 
fringement upon the rules of the Club. Per- 
haps a greater degree of enthusiasm was 
manifested because of the opinion freely 
expressed as to the discourtesy of the Gov- 

SrECiAL Invitation 
"A special invitation was sent from the 
town of Bellarat, where a series of enter- 
tainments were given and all the wonders 
of its great alluvial mines displayed, but 
everything was not destined to be coleur- 
de-rose. For the repair of the propeller-, 
the ship was taken to Williams Port, un- 
loaded, and drawn up on the cradle. The 
workmen were busy on February 13; the 
government sent in officer with a warrant 
for a man whom they asserted had been 
shipped. Mr. Grimball, who was senior 
officer on board at the time, showed the 
shipping articles but refused the officer's 
request to search the ship. Next day die 
same officer returned « ith the warrant, and 
a communication from the Governor. The 
captain refused to allow his ship to be 
searched, but gave the a surance that nc 
such man was on board, that no one had 
been shipped, nor would any man be al- 
lowed to ship at this port. The officer re- 
tired, but that afternoon a body of two 
hundred policemen, armed and assisted by 
a body of the Royal Artillery, took posses- 
sion of the ship, and the wharves on either 
side of her, and orders were given that no 
more work should be done by British sub- 
jects, either on the propeller or on any part 
of the ship. Later in the evening, an offi- 
cial letter was received from the Hon. James 
G. Frances, Commissioner of Trades and 
Customs, stating that 'in consequence of 
the refusal of Captain Waddell to allow 
the execution of a legal warrant, which had 
been duly sworn to, that the person re- 
ferred to in the warrant was aboard the 
"Shenandoah," the facilities hitherto afford- 
ed would be suspended,' and urging Cap- 

tain Waddeli to withdraw his refusal. Cap- 
tain YYaddell called his first, second and 
third lieutenants and surgeon into his cabin : 
laid the letter before them, and risked their 
opinion. Before deciding upon anything 
the suggestion was made that the ship be 
thoroughly searched. The captain accord- 
mglv ordered Mr. Grimball lo take the 
Master-at-Arms and make a thorough 
search, which was done. 

"A letter was then written and addressed 
to the Commissioner, stating that the ex- 
ecution of the warrant bad been refused 
because the right of search could not be 
allowed on a commissioned man-of-war, as 
the deck of a man-of-war was always con- 
sidered sacred to the country to which she 
belonged ; that as a courtesy, the shipping 
articles had been shown to an officer of the 
government: that a commissioned officer 
had been sent to search the ship ; and that 
he had reported all strangers out of her. 
The letter ended by protesting, in the name 
of the Confederate States, against the ac- 
tion of the government. Work by British 
subjects having been stopped, the 'Shenan- 
doah's own engineers were now put ro 
work, and in a few hours the propeller was 
reported as finished, and hoisted into place 
The manager of the ship then informed that 
the ship was ready to go off the ways, and 
asked if he was ready to launch her. He 
sent word that the government had taken 
possession of the ship and that he could 
do nothing. 

Ship Released 

"Captain Waddell then sent the follow- 
ing letter to the Commissioner : 


"February 15, 1865. 
"To t!ie Honorable, the Commissioner of 

Trades and Customs. 

"I am informed by the manager of the 
slip upon which the Confederate States 
Steamer 'Shenandoah' now rests, that the 

The Confederate Sailor 

ship has been seized by authority of his 
excellency, the Governor, to prevent the 
launching of the Confederate States Steam- 
er 'Shenandoah,' which of necessity is a 
seizure of the vessel under my command. 
I, therefore, respectfully beg to be informed 
if the seizure is known to his excellency 
the Governor, and if it meets his approval 
"Very respectfully, etc. 

"That same afternoon a letter was re- 
ceived from Mr. Francis, stating 'that the 
suspension of British subjects to assist in 
launching the ship is withdrawn.' As soon 
as possible, therefore, a tug was obtained, 
the 'Shenandoah was hauled oft' the slip 
and towed into the bav where she anchored 
Thus ended this disagreeable difficulty 
which seemed likely at one time to result in 
the giving up of the ship, and the return 
of her officers to England. Things were 
now hurried up, stores were taken on 
board, and more important still, all the coal 
that could be stored. On the 18th, the 
'Shenandoah' steamed out of Hohson's Bay 
to resume her cruise. After leaving 
Australia a northerly cruise wa; taken 
among the islands of the Pacific, though 
no landing was made until after crossing 
the line, that most beautiful island of Po- 
napi or Ascension, was reached on the first 
of April, inhabited by a race of wretched 
savages. This island is much resorted to 
by whalers on account of it- safe harbors 
and the excellent water obtained there. One 
white man, an escaped convict from Botany 
Bay, lived there, and acted as pilot to ships 
entering the harbors. In the one on the 
eastern side there were several whalers 
which were taken possession of and burned. 
Once when the Shenandoah sailed on the 
13th there were one hundred and thirty 
prisoners left to be taken to San Francisco 
by a missionary vessel which was expected 
in the summer. 

In Ice Fields 
"Going north into the Okhotsk Sea, they 
captured one whaler, got a sight of ice- 
bound Liberia and frozen Kamchatka and 
gained some experience in getting into and 
out of fields of ice. After twenty-two days 
they left this sea, on the 13th of June. The 
whaling fleet, having gone up towards the 
Arctic Sea, they followed, and on their way 
toward it, and in Behring Strait, between 
the 23rd and 28th of June, their heaviest 
captures were made, twenty-four vessels in 
all. On the last-named day, eight whalers 
were found at anchor, round one, which 
* had her bow stoved in by the ice. Having 
now a great many prisoners, two of the 
prizes were bonded, and all the prisoners 
put on board. One of these bonded ves- 
sels was the finest in the fleet, but her cap- 
tain had died and his wife was nominally 
in command, so she was spared. The men 
were told to take from the other vessels as 
much water and provisions as would take 
them to San Francisco, for which port they 
intended to sail. Having done this, the 
other prizes were fired, and the "Shenan- 
doah' stood for the Arctic Ocean. The 
weather being very clear, the two great con- 
tinents were visible — East Cape about ten 
miles off, while in the far distance lay the 
Coast of Alaska, Diomed Island lying be- 
tween, connecting them as it were. Fast 
Cape rounded, they were new fairly in the 
Arctic Ocean, a little too iate for the mid- 
night sun, though there were twerty-twc 
hours of sunlight. Navigation now becom- 
ing dangerous owing to the heavy ice. the 
ship was turned southwards, and again pas- 
sing East Cape, saw her burning more 
prizes. After getting, as they thought, 
safely through the ice, sail was again made 
A few hours later an immense field of ice 
was encountered and a serious accident 
seemed inevitable. As it was, the ship went 
astern and the chain shackles parted with a 
sharp crack. All sail was jerked, grabnets 

The Confederate Sailor 

were taken out, the ship's head pointed out- 
ward through the way she had gone in, and 
with the help of the propeller she was freed. 

Gets News of Defeat 
''Their course was now between San 
Francisco and the Sandwich Islands, in the 
hope of catching some ships passing be- 
tween China and San Francisco, or the 
Sandwich Islands and San Francisco. On 
the 2nd of August, a sail having been made 
out, steam was got up, and after a chase 
of three hours, an English bark, the 'Bara- 
conta," of Liverpool, was come up with 
thirteen days out from San Francisco. Mr. 
Bulloch boarded her and brought off the 
news the Southern Confederacy was a thing 
of the past. All her armies had surren- 
dered, Mr. Davis and Mr. Stephens were 
prisoners, which was also the case with 
most of the prominent men. There was no 
reason to doubt it, for on the 22nd of June 
some papers found on the captured Wil- 
liam Thompson had given bad news, viz. : 
that Charleston, Richmond and Petersburg 
had fallen, and that General Lee had sur- 
rendered. It was impossible to believe that. 
It was taken for a batch of war news manu- 
factured for political purposes, but here 
was confirmation to go to some port in the 
United States and there deliver up the ship. 
But that idea could not be entertained, the 
majority were for going to Australia, and 
turning the ship over to the government, 
while her officers left for England. To this 
the captain finally agreed, and the ship's 
course was changed for Sidney. Next day 
all the guns were dismounted and put down 
in the hold. 

"A night's reflection had increased their 
appreciation of the difficulties of the situa- 
tion, and deepened the sadness of each in- 
dividual. Without a country, what was to 
become of them? More bitter still was the 
thought of the loved ones at home. What 
had happened to them? Where were they? 

The men seemed as much troubled as the 
officers. They sent a petition to the cap- 
tain, asking him to take them to the nearest 
English port, but at the same time saying 
that if he thought proper to go elsewhere, 
they would continue to obey him as they 
had always done. 

Speech of Commander 
"Captain Waddell called all hands aft 
and made a very pretty speech. He told 
them it was true that the South had been 
conquered, and that they were in such a 
position as a ship had never been placed in 
before, but that the cruise would go down 
to history. Ke then told them that he would 
carry them into the first English port, prom- 
ising that he would stand by them, only ask- 
ing that they would stand by him. There 
was much talk among the officers of going 
to Cape Town, and party feeling ran very 
high between Australia, Cape Town, Liver- 
pool, or some European port. They were 
fugitives, seeking a place of safety, with 
the feeling that every man's hand might 
be against them, and that those with whom 
Lhcy might take refuge might deliver them 
up to their enemies. The discipline of the 
ship was relaxed, anxious hearts and con- 
flicting counsels created discord where 
gaitv and good fellowship had previously 
existed, but finally it was decided that 
Liverpool, if it could be reached, should be 
their destination, and the days dragged 
slowly on. 

"Since meeting the 'Baraconta' their 
course had been to avoid all passing sails. 
After entering the North Atlantic this daily 
became more difficult, but no signals were 
replied to. Doubtle;s the "Shenandoah' 
must often have been considered ill man- 
nered, though it would be hard to say how 
much her occupants longed for the news 
which any one of them could have given. 
They were now suffering much for want of 
fresh provisions and were besides on short 

The Confederate Sailor 

allowance of water, except when it rained. 
Scurvy broke out among the men, and at 
this time died the only two out of the hun- 
dred and thirty-five souls on board, death 
in each case being hastened by privation. 

Returns to England 

"At daylight on the 5th of November 
land was seen on the port bow and beam, 
proving that the chronometers were right. 
Before ten o'clock the Tuscan light had 
been passed, and the 'Shenandoah' was 
steaming up the Irish Channel. Soon after 
passing the Skerry, blue lights were burned 
and rockets sent up, and at midnight the 
pilot came on board. When he hailed to 
know what ship it was, Mr. Bulloch answer- 
ed, 'The Araminta,' purposely making in- 
distinct where she was from. Great anxiety 
was feit to hear what the pilot might have 
to say. It was not very much. The South 
was getting on better than had been antici- 
pated, he said, but the war had been over 
so long that the subject had ceased to be 
interesting. When asked whether he could 
take the ship over the bar at the present 
state of the tide, he said he did not think 
he could, but as the captain said he did not 
care whether she struck or not he would try. 
She did strike hard and fast, but got off 
about seven o'clock. It was a hazy morn- 
ing as they went up, so the Confederate 
flag was unobserved and about nine cast 
anchor near Rock Ferry and the guard ship 
'Donegal.' No one went ashore, though 
the Custom House officers gave pratique. 

"During the day a lieutenant from the 
'Donegal' came alongside and had an in- 
terview with the captain. Later -the Cus- 
tom House officers returned and took pos- 
session of the ship, saying that no one could 
leave it till the authorities in London had 
been heard from. In the evening a detach- 
ment of marines, tinder command of a lieu- 
tenant, came on board to render any assist- 
ance which might be necessary. All hands 

were now relieved from duty, though for 
the sake of humanity the doctor continued 
to care for the sick. 

Fresh Provisions 

"The men had nothing to eat all day, 
though the officers had sent ashore and 
bought some fresh provisions. In the even- 
ing a steamer came alongside and an old 
gentleman, Captain Whitehead, upon whose 
head blessings were showered, boarded the 
ship, brought for all hands an abundance 
of fresh provisions, also such luxuries as 
tea, white sugar, whiskey, tobacco and 
pipes, and also two casks of beer and one 
of porter. Everybody got a meal, and the 
sick had apples, etc. Never was there a 
more acceptable gift, and next morning the 
same generous friend sent off milk, fresh 
vegetables, eggs, etc. Over two hundred 
days at sea without touching at any port 
caused such luxuries to be highly appre- 
ciated. In spite of the circumstances, a 
merry evening was spent. All this day 
November 7, steamboats laden with people 
came by the gaze, and an English gunboat, 
the 'Goshawk,' came alongside and made 
fast to the 'Shenandoah' to keep her from 
going to sea. 

"Captain Pavnter of the 'Donegal' came 
on board to call upon Captain Waddell. He 
told him he had telegraphed to London to 
ask for the release of the officers and men 
and would send the answer as soon as it 
was received. Next day brought no news 
and at nightfall the guard on the ship was 
doubled, the dingv was hoisted to the deck 
of the gunboat, and orders given that no 
boats should come alongside, except along- 
side the gunboat, so that everyone would 
have to cross her decks. At supper time 
a shout was heard, a steamboat came along- 
side, every one was on the qui vive, orders 
had been received from London for the re- 
lease of all who were not British subjects. 
Captain Pavnter came off, read the order, 


The Confederate Sailor 

had the crew mustered, and asked each man 
where he was from. Everyone swore he 
was a Southerner. 

"After the examination of their baggage 
by the Custom House officials, it did not 
lake long to bid adieu to the 'Shenandoah.' 
One sick man was left on board, with the 
promise that he should be taken to the 
hospital in the morning. This last duty ac- 

complished, everything was at an end. To 
sum up, she left Southampton in October. 
1864, as the "Sea King," was converted 
into a man-of-war at sea, spent fourteen 
months in destroying federal commerce, 
burning ships three months after the war 
was over, cruised entirely around the world 
and, in November, 1865, steamed into the 
Mersey River, seven months after the war 
was over, still flying the Confederate flag. 


By Admiral 

March 18, 1865, my twenty-first birth- 
day, by the way, upon returning from the 
Fort Fisher campaign and reporting to the 
Secretary of the Navy in Richmond, I was 
ordered to report to Admiral Raphael 
Semmes, commanding the James River 
Squadron, lying below Drewry's Bluff for 
duty on board the gun boat "Hampton." 
The "Hampton" was engaged in picket 
duty up and down the James to prevent 
the Federal troops from crossing the river. 
Our service was from 9 P. M. to 5 A. M. 
when we returned to the fleet during the 

On the evening of the first of April, on 
discovery that we were out of coal, the 
"Hampton" was ordered by Admiral 
Semmes to go up to Rocketts and take on 
a supply. With a twinkle in his eye, the 
Admiral giving the order, reminded u; that 
the next day was Sunday and he would 
advise us to attend church next morning 
before returning to the fleet. We coaled 
at Rocketts before we turned in, and the 
next morning we attended church, each 
sailor attending his own. 

Being a member of the Episcopal Church, 
I attended St. Paul's on Grace Street, oc- 
cupying a front seat in the gallery, on the 
east side. A celebrated singer named Mad- 
ame Ruhl was to sing that day, and drew 
a large congregation. While awaiting the 
service, and being a susceptible young man, 

of the Fleet 


I watched the pretty girls as they came 
in and dropped on their knees to breathe 
a prayer. I was so situated that on my 
left I could see Dr. Minnegerode at the 
lectern, and on my left also could view the 
choir and the singer. 

While I was so engaged, I saw a feeble, 
old man enter walking slowly up the aisle. 
He held in his two hands in front of him 
a battered beaver hat, and wore a short 
cloak over his shoulders. Slowly he ap- 
proached and took the end of pew 63, the 
President's pew. He placed his hat under 
the pew in front and knelt down to pray. 
This was President Davis. From where I 
was I had a good look at him and won- 
dered what was heaviest on his mind. He 
arose, took his seat and reached to his side 
to pick up a prayer book. Just as Dr. Min- 
negerode began that beautiful invocation ; 
"Dearly beloved brethren, the Scripture 
moveth us in sundry places," when the door 
darkened and a messenger came in hur- 
riedly, stopped at the President's pew. Mr. 
Davis turned slowly to the man who wa- e 
shaking a telegram at him. I could hear 
him say, "It is important, Mr. President." 
The President gazed at him in astonish- 
ment, as much as to say that he did not 
wish to be disturbed in the church during 
divine worship. The man repeated that it 
was important and that he was ordered to 
put it in the President's hands. Mr. Davis 

The Confederate Sailor 

then took it, opened the envelope and de- 
liberately read its contents. Rubbing his 
eyes, lie handed the telegram back to the 
man, instructing him to hand it to Dr. Min- 
negerode and tell the latter to read it. The 
President then knelt again for a moment 
and picking up the old battered hat, slowly 
passed out of the church. This caused some 
confusion, and the Rector paused in his 
service when the telegram was handed him. 
He read it aloud as follows : 

"To the President : My lines are broken 
in Petersburg. I can protect Richmond no 
longer. Signed R. E. Lee, General." Af- 
ter reading the message, the Rector dis- 
missed the congregation. 

As this was Sunday and knowing that 
the Navy Department was closed, I re- 
paired to the home of Mr. Mallory, Sec- 
retary of the Navy, who handed me an 
order for Admiral Semmes at the fleet. 

As soon as our crew was aboard, we 
steamed away to the fleet, and I delivered 
the message to Admiral Semmes aboard 
the Flagship. On receiving it, he said, "I 
was expecting it," and gave orders to sig- 
nal all commanders to report aboard the 
Flagship at once. They came, and there 
on the quarterdeck that afternoon Admiral 
Semmes read the order of the Secretary 
of the Navy to destroy the fleet and join 
General Lee. When he had read it, he 
said : "Gentlemen, the blow has fallen. I 
had been in hopes to do great things with 
this splendid fleet. It seems that we must 
burn it without firing a single gun. So be 
it ! Each of you will return to your vessel, 
lay the train for burning, have everything 
prepared so that when the torch is applied, 
destruction will quickly follow. It is now 
four bells. We will not apply the torch 
until 12 o'clock tonight, for possibly some- 
thing may happen so that we may be able 
to have a brush with the enemy before do- 
ing so. We will not apply the torch to our 
small craft until we have used them as 
transports. Every officer, every sailor now 

stationed on the Virginia, the Richmond 
and the Fredericksburg (large iron-clad 
rams), will go on board the transports, and 
after the iron clads have been set afire, 
steam up to Manchester, and after landing • 
the sailors, the torch will be applied to the 
smaller vessels." 

Nothing happened. When eight bells rang 
out aboard the Flagship, the sailors were 
transferred and the torch was applied to 
each of the large vessels, and while under 
way, we watched the flames envelop those 
splendid warships. Shortly before we 
reached the Richmond and Danville Rail- 
way, we saw a great pyrotechnic display, 
as one after another, with a loud detona- 
tion, the fire reached the magazines of the 
large vessels and the sky was ablaze with 
the light of their explosion. 

After landing my crew, I applied the 
torch to our gunboat, the "Hampton," and 
setting her adrift, watched her float down 
the river, and had the mournful privilege 
to hear and see her explode. 

This was a short while before daylight. 
When it came we could see refugees flee- 
ing across Mayo Bridge, and we could see 
fires springing up in different parts of 
Richmond, across the river. We saw Hax- 
all's Flour Mill burn. We saw Tredegar 
Iron Works burn and explode, and we saw 
someone applying the torch to Mayo's 
bridge, saw it burn and fall into the river. 

Admiral Semmes ordered his engineers 
and firemen to knock together a train of 
some sort and get us away from there. The 
train was ready for us late that afternoon, 
but it was one of the most unique trains 
that ever transported a navy. The engine 
could turn its wheels, and the train was 
composed of old hulks of box cars. 

We had orders to join General Lee. We 
figured that he would be retreating to some 
point west of Petersburg, so we headed 
our train west. 

The next day, as we approached Burke- 


The Confederate Sailor 

ville Junction, we saw a large number of 
federal soldiers coming down the road. \Ye 
stopped the train and prepared to receive 
boarders. Just then a Confederate gen- 
eral rode up and recognizing Admiral 
Semmes, cried, "Don't shoot, Admiral, 
these Yankees are my prisoners!" Then 
we noticed that while they wore federal 
soldier's uniforms, they were unarmed and 

that Confederate guards were accompany- 
ing them. The Confederate general advised 
Admiral Semmes that his best objective 
would be Danville, and that from there we 
could learn the whereabouts of Lee. We 
therefore pushed on to Danville. 

What took place in Danville and on our 
march to join General Johnston is another 

Mr. Mars, the Earth and Miss Venus 

An Astronomical Sketch 

The stars are the sailor's best friends — ■ 
For him they form God's Clock, each con- 
stellation as it passes in review overhead 
any clear starlight night helping him to 
tell the hour. With them as hour hands 
he can generally tell the time any night 
after dark. 

The stars are not only the sailor's best 
friends, but they are his most constant com- 
panions, bringing to him company every 
clear night in the year and all night. They 
were present when he was born, and lived 
with him all during his life, and with him 
even in death. 

Astronomy is the science of the aeons. 
It is intended in this article to speak of a 
few facts about our two nearest neighbors. 
We have Mr. Mars outside of our orbit, 
and Miss Venus on its inside. Old Sol 
has quite a family, among the largest of 
whom are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and 
others, all of whom go around him at stated 

Confining ourselves to the earth and its 
nearest brother and sister, Mr. Mars and 
Miss Venus, various phenomena are pre- 
sented herewith which may prove of in- 
terest to a lover of the heavenly bodies. 

Mr. Mars paid us a visit this summer 
and came within thirty odd million miles of 
us, not close enough, however, to tell us 
any news. The other big members of Old 
Sol's family have belts, rings or some other 

wet environment. Mars has none. In this 
particular he is like the earth, for since 
the flood we have been without it. In bulk 
he is little more than half of the earth. He 
has seen his best days, and is rapidly pass- 
ing into his doom. A few more billions 
of years and he will be dead as the moon. 
Looking at him through a telescope we ob- 
serve some peculiarities not observed on 
any other planet. We see his lakes and 
rivers and seas, we see his north pole and 
gatherings of ice and snow there. 

We have stated that his orbit is outside 
of ours, and to a dweller on Mars, if there 
be one left, the earth will always appear 
somewhere in the neighborhood of the sun, 
that is, he is seen only a short time after 
sunset, and a short time before sunrise. 
The earth is never seen from Mars in the 
East in the evening, nor in the West in 
the morning. Another peculiarity when at 
its greatest angular distance from the sun 
through a telescope the earth will always 
present a crescent shape. 

And now for Miss Venus : The same pe- 
culiarity is observable by a person on the 
earth in looking at Venus. As everyone 
knows she is never seen except near the 
sun, and is always to us either the morn- 
ing or the evening star, that is her orbit 
being within ours she can never get beyond 
a few degrees from the sun. Her first 
appearance in the evening is small but 

The Confederate Sailor 


round, and so appears through the tele- 
scope. In a few weeks when at her great- 
est angularity she assumes a crescent shape, 
and just before her disappearing as an 

evening star she seems very large and her 
crescent is very thin. Looking at her at 
this time she could readily be mistaken 
for the new moon. 

Duplicate Cribbage 

It is the purpose of this magazine to pro- 
mote social entertainment by publishing a 
series of card and other games. Those who 
are interested in such pastimes will find 
this department especially interesting. 

As an opener we will in this issue de- 
scribe a new game of cards called "Du- 
plicate Cribbage." In a future issue we 
purpose to give full instruction in the orig- 
inal game. It is one of the oldest and best 
of the English card games. Assuming that 
you are familiar with it, we shall proceed 
to explain how Duplicate Cribbage is 

There are fifty-two cards in the deck, 
making four deals for two players, twelve 
cards in each deal with four starters. The 
game is played exactly as the original, with 
this difference, that the discards, instead of 
being bunched in the discard pile, are re- 
tained face down, near each player dis- 
carding them, and the starter, after the 
discard, when turned up, is placed by it- 
self in view of each player, face up. Af- 
ter the count, the discards are turned up 
and counted as the crib and each player's 
discard is then returned to the four cards 
already in his hand, shuffled into them and 
laid by each player, face up. 

Then the other player deals, laying the 
second starter face down on the first. The 
discards are disposed of the same as the 
first deal, and when this is done, the second 
starter is turned face up. The game then 
proceeds as before. The third and fourth 
deals are played and counted as before. 

We have now dealt out all the cards, the 
last one being the fourth starter placed on 
the other three, face down, and when the 

deal is finished, we have finished the first 
half. Now for the last half. Each player 
picks up his twenty-four cards, face up and 
swaps them with his opponent who turns 
them face down. The four starters are 
also turned face down. Each player then 
draws six cards from the top of his twen- 
ty-four for his first hand in the last half. 
Then the players proceed as in original 
cribbage and, of course the first starter is 
turned face up. After each deal, the hands 
are bunched as in the original game, the 
score being kept as in the original game. 

A word about the scoring. Instead of 
putting back the pegs on the cribbage board 
at the end of the first half of the game, 
they remain as at the end of the first half, 
and are added to the score already made 
by each player in the first half. The player 
having the highest score at the end of the 
second half wins the game. 

Duplicate Cribbage is not suitable for 
four players. 

The Scrap-Book issued by that wonderful 
woman, Miss Mildred Rutherford, of 
Athens, Ga., as a magazine is doing a 
splendid work, not only in showing what 
the South was in 1864, but also what the 
South was in 1924. 

Our cover design is the work of Mr. C. 
A. Morrisette, of the Morrie Studio, Nor- 
folk. It shows in artistic manner our two 
confederate admirals and the vessels they 
commanded. The Confederate Sailor takes 
off its cap to Mr. Morrisette. 


The Confederate Sailor 

Short Proof of Division 

Written for the Boys by the Navigator 

Figure; are fascinating tools once one 
has mastered some of their peculiarities. 
The Confederate Sailor, when afloat, was 
required to have considerable knowledge 
of figures, including some short cuts. Once 
more on deck, though no longer afloat, he 
would like to acquaint his readers with 
certain tricks which, while by no means 
new, are not generally known. 

Division is a rather complicated process, 
and the proof of division ordinarily em- 
ployed is cumbersome. There is a short 
proof which often is convenient. 

Having solved a problem in long divi- 
sion and desiring to prove it, one must 
multiply the divisor by the quotient and 
add the remainder. If the result equals 
the dividend, the solution is correct. But 
often the figures are long, and there is 
ample chance for error in the multiplication 
or addition, not to mention the tedium of 
the process. 

Try adding the digits of the divisor un- 
til you have a single digit. Treat the quo- 
tient, the remainder and the dividend sim- 
ilarly, then apply the usual rule for prov- 

Thus, 11,123 divided by 332 equals 33 
plus a remainder of 167. 332 multiplied 
by 33 plus 167 equals 11,123, which proves 
the problem, but involves considerable labor. 

The sum of the digits in 11,123, the divi- 
dend is 8. The sum of the digits in 33, 
the quotient is 6. The sum of the digits 
in 167, the remainder is 14, and of the 
digits in 14 is 5. The sum of the digits 
in 332, the divisor is 8. Multiply the quo- 
tient, 6, by the divisor, 8, and you get 48. 
To this add the remainder, 5, and you have 
53, the sum of whose digits is 8. The divi- 
dend digit is 8 also; the solution is there- 
fore proved. 

This principle may be applied to other 
mathematical processes, but of these more 

We C. S. N. Folks 

The descendants of six hundred thou- 
sand Confederate soldiers who served in 
the Confederate Army always put on an 
extra strut when talking of them, and the 
poor fellow who had no ancestors in that 
army who possibly may be the biggest fish 
in the pond, takes off a strut. 

The descendants of six thousand Con- 
federate sailors who served in the Confed- 
erate Navy, now numbering about fifty 
thousand, with an esprit de corps of their 
own, are too lonesome to do any strutting 
at all. While they can be numbered by 
the tens of. thousands, they are so scat- 
tered that when one of them feels like 
strutting he does so with caution lest the 

fellows who witness his strutting will won- 
der what he is strutting about. 

This oh, people, is the condition of things 
in the United States today. But those 
fifty thousand navy people know that if 
the world were advised what they were 
strutting about, "all hands" would feel like 
joining in the strut. 

We of the Confederate Navy have the 
best cause for strutting you ever heard of. 

It is one of the missions of the Confed- 
erate Sailor to get in touch with them, and 
all cry out : "iAll hands splice the main 
brace !" 

Mr., Mr.;, and Miss Reader, if you know 
one of the fifty thousand or more, please 
show him or her this copy of the Con- 
federate Sailor. 

The Confederate Sailor 


The Confederate Sailor 

Published Quarterly 



Admiral A. O. Wright 


Richmond, Virginia 

Application for Entry as Second Class Matter Pending 

Vol. 1 Richmond, Va., January, 1925 No. 1 

Mast Head 

Our Mission 

Julius Caesar certainly started something 
when he began to fight his Gallic Wars, but 
he started something worse when he began 
to write them. 

Gallia omis divisa est in partes tres has 
formed a prelude so enticing that no editor 
can resist its allurement — and so the mis- 
sion of this magazine, like all Gaul and a 
lot of other things, is divided into three 
parts : 

1. To get the name and address of every 
living Confederate sailor and place him in 
the Old Soldiers' Home of his State, if he 
wants to be there. 

2. To look up the record of enlistment 
service and discharge of every Confederate 
sailor whether living or dead, for compiling 
permanent records. 

3. To let the world know what a splen- 
did achievement the Confederate Navy ac- 

The first purpose is growing more dif- 
ficult as time passes. There were over 

6.000 Confederate sailors during the war; 
there are probably less than one hundred 
of them on deck today, their shipmates 
having all passed over the side. It would 
be a grand thing if all the living could be 
gathered into a "Snug Harbor" of their 
own, where the gang plank would always be 
down and the gangway always open to wel- 
come them on board, to stay as long as they 
wish and aid in the work of compiling an 
official history of the Confederate Navy by 
the men who helped to make it. An im- 
portant part of this work is to secure pen- 
sions by supplying the necessary records, 
for no Confederate veteran can get a pen- 
sion without a record. Another important 
part of the work is to supply records for 
widows of naval veterans. 

This brings us to our second purpose, 
which is to rescue from oblivion some 
record of every one of the 6,500 officers and 
men who served in the Confederate Navy. 

The third purpose of this publication is 
to tell the world what a marvelous job the 
Confederate Navy did. Our columns will 
glow with its glory. Up to this time the 
story of the Confederate Navy has been 
practically a sealed book. The average 
citizen knows a little bit about the fight be- 
tween the "Merrimac" and the "Monitor," 
something about the privateer "Alabama" — 
and his knowledge ends there. 

As a matter of fact, there was no Con- 
federate vessel named the "Merrimac," and 
the "Alabama" was not a privateer. These 
and kindred errors will be corrected, and 
a wealth of new material will appear in 
The Confederate Sailor. 

Story of a Stigma 

The following petition was presented to 
the Congress of the United States: 

"Petition of the Confederate Naval Vet- 
erans to Congress to accept the resignations 
of 136 of their shipmates, presented in May, 


The Confederate Sailor 

"Several hundred officers of the United 
States Navy, from the South, resigned in 
1861 to cast their fortunes with their States, 
the resignations of all except 136 were ac- 
cepted. The records on file in the Navy 
Department in Washington recorded them 
as 'dismissed.' The others are recorded 
as 'resigned.' 

"By instructions from my shipmates of 
the Confederate Naval Veterans I am here 
to petition Congress to accept the resigna- 
tions of these 136, and thus remove the 
stigma hanging over them. 

"The heroism displayed by these men 
during the war of the sixties is an Ameri- 
can heritage and may be the pride of every 
American citizen. Their sons and grand- 
sons fought your battles in Spanish-Amer- 
ican war, and their descendants are fight- 
ing your battles today, and are denied the 
privilege of joining patriotic organizations 
owing to the stigma hanging over the 
memory of their ancestors. 
"The Confederate Veterans, 
"By A. O. WRIGHT, 

Admiral Commanding." 

United States Naval Register, 1862, 

Page 112, Dismissals During 

the Year 1861. 

Captain s — French Forest, Franklin 
Buchanan, Samuel Barron, George N. Hol- 

Commanders — William T. Muse, Robert 
G. Robb, Archibald B. Fairfax, Richard 
L. Page, Arthur Sinclair, John R. Tucker, 
William McBlair, Thomas R. Rootes, Chas. 
E. Mcintosh, Sidney Smith Lee, Thomas 
L. Page, Thomas T. Hunter, Matthew F. 
Maury, John K. Mitchell, Chas. H. A. 

Lieutenants — John Taylor Wood, Chas. 
M. Fauntleroy, George T. Sinclair, Robert 

B. Pegram, Washington Gwathmey, James 
H. Rochelle, William Sharp, Chas. F. M. 
Spottswood, Carter B. Poindexter, John S. 
Maury, John V. Bennett, Harry H. Lewis, 
John Wilkinson, William H. Parker, Wil- 
liam L. Powell, John M. Brooke, Peter U. 
Murphey, William H. Murdaugh, Edward 
L. Winder, Charles C. Simms, Robert D. 
Minor, Oscar F. Johnston, Hunter David- 
son, Isaac N. Brown, Silas Bent, J. Pem- 
broke Jones, Joseph N. Barney, David P. 
McCorkle, Charles W. Hays, Alphonse 
Barbot Van R. Morgan, Hamilton H. Dal- 
ton, George S. Shryock, Joseph W. Alex- 
ander, Francis E. Shepperd, John J. Guth- 
rie, William H. Ward, Thomas K. Porter, 
Wm. P. A. Campbell, Henry K. Stevens, 
B. P. Loyall, Walter R. Butt, Julian Myers, 
Alex. M. DeBree, Dulaney A. Forrest, Wil- 
liam T. Glassell, Nicholas H. Van Zandt, 
John H. Parker, James Iredell Waddell. 

Surgeons — Lewis W. Minor, William B. 
Sinclair, Randolph F. Mason, James F. 
Harrison, William H. Page, Daniel S. 
Green, Richard W. Jeffery. 

Passed Assistant Surgeons — Charles W. 
Williams, H. W. M. Washington, J. W. B. 

Assistant Surgeons ■ — Joseph Grafton, 
Fred. Van Bibber, Algernon S. Garnett, 
Bennett W. Green, John W. Sanford, 
Robert J. Freeman, Marcellus P. Christian, 
James E. Lindsey, James W. Herty, O. S. 

Paymasters — George W. Clark, John De- 
Bree, John Johnson, Richard T. Allison, 
James E. Harwood, Felix Senac, Thomas 
E. Ware, James A. Semple. 

Midshipmen — Edward G. Read, Thomas 
L. Dornin, James L. Hoole, Francis L. 
Hoge, Samuel W. Averett, James L. Tay- 
lor, George A. Borchert, Thomas L. Harri- 
son, Henry D. Claiborne, Hilary Cenas, 
Arthur D. Wharton. 

Chief Engineers — Michael Quinn, Wil- 
liam P. Williamson, Thomas A. Jackson, 
James H. Warner. 

The Confederate Sailor 


First Assistant Engineers — Edward W. 
Manning, Henry A. Ramsey, Virginius 
Freeman, George W. City. 

Second Assistant Engineers — John W. 
Tynan, Marshall P. Jordan. 

Third Assistant Engineers — Henry X. 
Wright, John T. Tucker, Chas. W. Jordan, 
Edward L. Dick, Benjamin Herring, Henry 
Fagan, Boatswain, 'Chas. H. Hasker. 

Gunners — Chas. B. Oliver, John W. 

Marine Corps — Major Henry B. Tyler, 
Brevet Major, G. H. Terrett. 

Captains — John C. Rich, Algernon S. 
Taylor, Robert Tansill, John D. Simms. 

First Lieutenants — Israel Green, Julius 
E. Meiere, J. R. F. Tatnall, Thomas S. Wil- 

Senate Bill 1824, 67th Congress, 1st Ses- 
sion, shows that it passed that body August 
15, 1921, as the second section of a cog- 
nate bill, signed by George A. Sanderson, 
Secretary of the Senate, and certified to 
the House of Representatives. 

Edward Denby, Secretary of the Navy, 
under date of September 6, 1921, in a let- 
ter to the Chairman of the Committee on 
Naval Affairs, of the House of Representa- 
tives wrote : "In the department's letter of 
July 30, 1921, to the Committee on Naval 
Affairs, United States Senate, that the de- 
partment does not favor this legislation. 
This recommendation is adhered to, and 
it is therefore recommended that Section 2 
be stricken from the bill," etc. The Senate 
adopted it ; the House killed it. 

Mr. Denby's objection to the bill was 
that it was put on as a "rider" to a bill 
for the United States Navy. 

Last year I visited the southern legisla- 
tures, and at my request they instructed 
their congressmen to get behind me when 
I should renew the fight, which I did in 

March of last year under the management 
of Senator Pat Harrison, who had the 
other bill in charge. 

On April 2nd, the Congressional Record 
published it as an amendment to the Senate 
naval appropriations bill. In a talk with 
Senator Harrison, he declared that he 
thought it would pass all right, as the com- 
mittee seemed to favor it. As a matter of 
fact, it passed both houses, but was killed 
in conference. 

This is the status today, and I propose 
to renew the contest again at an early date, 
this time not depending upon any "rider" 
nor any amendment to an appropriation 
bill, but letting it stand upon its own 
merits. It is not a matter of politics ; it 
is not a matter of sectionalism ; it is a mat- 
ter of justice. 

At its convention in Savannah during the 
week of November 26-29, 1924, on the last 
day an associated press wire went over the 
country, as follows : 

"Savannah, Ga., Nov. 22. — Support 
of the work of A. O. Wright, engaged 
in a campaign to correct naval records 
of the Confederacy today was with- 
drawn by the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy in convention here." 

When my shipmates put upon me the 
duty of trying to remove the stigma re- 
ferred to above, I appealed to the U. D. C. 
to appoint a committee to assist me in the 
work before Congress. Such a committee 
was appointed by Miss Poppenheim, and 
with slight changes was continued until 
the 22nd of November last. After talking 
it over with some of the committee I real- 
ized that instead of helping, they were in 
my way. Congressmen who were assist- 
ing me I found had turned against our 
work, and afterward helped to defeat it. 


The Confederate Sailor 

Realizing that the committee was doing 
more harm than good, I took up the work 
afresh, this time without their assistance, 
and succeeded in getting our bill through 
the Senate while the committee was pre- 
paring its report that the time was inop- 
portune, and that nothing could be done 
at that time, etc., when Secretary Denby 
killed it in the House. 

Now that the committee "To Assist Ad- 
miral Wright," has been discontinued, I 
may have a better chance with Congress. 
Who knows? 

lar effort in this direction. The new maga- 
zine is an answer to this need. 

From' the Quarterdeck 

During the current year the Navy Depart- 
ment, U. C. V., will publish Volume I of 
the Records of Confederate Sailors ob- 
tained bv the Department's research work- 
ers. \ T ot much space will be devoted to 
any individual record — just a few lines giv- 
ing the facts of each sailor's service. 
Volume I will be sold at the nominal sum 
cf one dollar per copy. 

The Confederate Sailor, making his 
bow to the public, salutes most respectfully 
The Confederate Veteran, published at 
Nashville, Tenn. It is hoped that everyone 
who reads this article is, or will be, a sub- 
scriber to that great publication. The Con- 
federate Veteran is contributing to Southern 
history, material which, as the years go by. 
will be more and more valuable to the world. 

Its columns have always been open to 
chronicle the deeds of Confederate sailors, 
and much valuable information has been 
published therein. The Confederate 
Sailor, therefore, enters the field not as a 
rival, but as a co-worker, especially in re- 
search. Confederate naval records, or the 
lack of them, created a demand for particu- 

April Number 

Among articles to appear in the next 
number will be : 

"Four Cruisers in One Cruise," giving a 
graphic account of Lieutenant Charles W. 
Read's unique experience in swapping ships. 
"Dash of the Ram Arkansas," one of the 
most daring performances of the Confed- 
erate Navy. 

"A Wonderful Game of Solitaire." 

"Explaining the Midnight Sun." 

"The Origin and Phenomena of Figures." 

The Naval Department, U. C. V. 

(From The Confederate Veteran of 
September, 1924) 

In his report before the U. C. V. Con- 
vention of the Memphis Reunion, Admiral 
A. O. Wright, commanding the Naval De- 
partment U. C. V., stated that three duties 
had been put upon him by his shipmates, as 
follows : 

First, to get Congress to remove the stig- 
ma of dishonorable discharge as it stands 
of record in the Navy Department at Wash- 

Second, to secure a naval monument to 
those sailors who lost their lives in the siege 
of Virksburg. 

Third, to rescue from oblivion some rec- 
ord of the enlistment, service, and discharge 
of the sailors who served in that branch of 
the Confederacy. 

\s to the first, he says : "Eight years ago 
this duty was put upon me, and I immedi- 
a'tely went to work upon it. In August 
1921, the Senate passed the bill accepting 
the resignations of one hundred and thirty- 
six officers who resigned from the United 
States Navy to serve in the Confederate 
Navy. Over three hundred of them resigned 
at that time, and the resignations of all but 

The Confederate Sailor 


one hundred and thirty-six were accepted, 
and the record states that they were dis- 
missed from the service; yet their offense 
if it was an offense, was shared by all. As 
an example, both the Lee brothers resigned 
at the same time, one from the army, the 
other from the navy. Robert E. Lee's resig- 
nation was accepted, and his memory to- 
day is precious all over the world. Sidney 
Smith Lee's name bears the record of 'Dis- 
missed' for doing the same thing, no more 
no less, than his brother. The matter was 
brought before Congress in 1917, and in 
1921 the Senate passed the bill, but it was 
defeated in the House. Later 1 appeared 
before the legislatures of several Southern 
States and appealed to them to request their 
Congressmen to get behind me when the 
fight was renewed, which they did. It was 
renewed in March, 1924, the bill being in- 
troduced again as an amendment to the 
Senate Naval Appropriation Bill, and it was 
passed by both Houses ; but they could not 
agree on other amendments, and in the 
rush at the close of the session, this amend- 
ment was dropped. It is my purpose tc 
renew this fight and continue it until be- 
lated justice is done those brave old heroes. 

"As to the second duty, progress is be- 
ing made, and I hope ere long that a navy 
monument will stand overlooking the Mis- 
sissippi River and proclaiming to the world 
that the South appreciated the splendid 
service rendered by the Confederate Navy 
during the siege of Vicksburg. 

"The third duty is occupying my entire 
time, that of rescuing from oblivion some 
record of the enlistment, service and dis- 
charge of the sailors of the Confederate 
Navy. I have visited the legislatures of 
most of the Southern States and secured 
official recognition and approval of my ef- 
forts and called upon the people to render 
all aid possible. Ten thousand question- 
naires, with the law approving it. have been 
sent out over each Southern State, through 

the churches, the fraternities, the schools 
etc. While the work is slow, quite a num- 
ber of replies have been received from peo- 
ple who knew of Confederate sailors. Every 
means possible will be resorted to to secure 
those records before it is too late." 

Admiral Wright has established head- 
quarters in Richmond, Va., at Murphy's 
Hotel, where this work is being continued. 
He will appreciate hearing from anyone 
who knows of any Confederate sailors 
whose services have not been put on record 

Confederate Navy Flag Days 

There is no fund provided to defray ex- 
penses of our research work. 

We have maintained a number of agents 
in the field and are adding to the number. 
They visit cities throughout the South in 
search of records of Confederate sailors. 
Through co-operation of newspapers, and 
by printed questionnaires, they make their 
"mission'' known to wide areas and secure 
data from which our records are compiled. 
Records thus obtained are grouped by 
states and eventually are filed at the capitals 
of the states from which the sailors entered 
Confederate service. 

When complete, and the work has pro- 
gressed surprisingly, this research will re- 
sult in a central file containing every in- 
dividual record that can be obtained of the 
men who composed the Confederate Navy, 
while each Southern State will possess a 
record of its own contribution to Confeder- 
ate naval history. 

The work costs money, and as previously 
stated, there is no fund to defray such ex- 
pense. Legislatures of various Southern 
States, by joint resolution, and in some in- 
stances by Governor's proclamation ( when 
Legislatures were not in session) call upon 
citizens to render us all possible aid, ap- 
pealing to city authorities to grant us tag 


The Confederate Sailor 

days. Such days are now being observed 
in several states and will be observed in 

While the law designates them as "Tag 
Days," we have changed the term to "Con- 
federate Navy Tag Days," as the tag used 
on such occasions is a miniature Confed- 
erate flag. 

The "Tag Day" has been sadly over- 
worked in some cities of the South, but the 
fact should not prevent encouragement of 
Confederate Navy Flag Days. Ours, so far 
as we know, is the only cause for which 
legislatures and governors have endorsed 
this plan of raising necessary funds. 

Preserving Confederate naval records is 
important, worthy and urgent work. It calls 
for heroic measures, because it becomes in- 
creasingly difficult as time passes to obtain 
authentic information. 

There Was No Anchor 

In the parade at the Birmingham Re- 
Union in 1916, Commodore E. V. White 
was assigned a place in an automobile with 
the contingent of the Navy Department, 
U. C. V. Having been elected a brigadier 
in the division of the Virginia Confederate 
Veterans, a horse was brought him to ride 
at the head of his brigade, which meant 
that he was expected to lead the navy and 
parade with the army. He was puzzled 
for a moment and finally solved the problem 
by asking what he was to do with that 

"Why, ride it at the head of your bri- 
grade !" replied the man who brought it. 

"Where is the anchor ?" queried the Com- 
modore. The man replied that there was 
no anchor. 

"Then" said the Commodore, "I am not 
going to get on top of that thing without 
an anchor," and returned to his seat in the 

They Were Still Swearing 

The story is told that on her trip around 
the world the cruiser "Shenandoah" had 
occasion to transport a bishop from one 
port to another. This was the first time the 
bishop had ever been on the sea, and after 
dark the wind arose and the sea was rough. 
1 he bi jhop became uneasy, fearing the ship 
was about to go down in the gale. 

He tremblingly approached the officer of 
the deck and asked him if he didn't think 
the ship was about to sink. The officer 
led him to the forecastle where the watch 
below were having a high old time, not 
unmixed with "splicing the main brace." 

"Look down there on those men, bishop, 
you see they are drinking, cursing and hav- 
ing a jolly time. Don't you know that if 
there was any danger of this ship going 
down in this squall, every mother's son 
would be on their knees praying?" 

This seemed to satisfy the bishop, and 
he returned to the quarter deck. About an 
hour later the squall freshened and the 
bishop became uneasy again, but instead of 
showing his fears to the officer. of the deck 
he sneaked forward to the forecastle again 
and noticed that the cursing was greater 
than before. Falling on his knees he raised 
his hands to heaven and cried out : 

"Thank God, those sailors are still 

Our Veteran Staff — Past and Present 

During the month of November last the 
Navy Department, U. C. \. lost two mem- 
bers of its official family, Commodore Ham- 
ilton Henderson Dalton, Chief of Staff, 
and Commodore Henry Hamilton Marma- 
duke, Chief of Ordnance. 

Commodore Dalton had a unique expe- 
rience. He graduated from the Naval 
Academy some years before the war, and 
when it came he was lieutenant on the 

The Confederate Sailor 


frigate Wabash of the South Africa 

Every ship in the United States Navy 
took its turn on a three-year cruise, the 
Wabash was just finishing hers about the 
time the war was commencing. When west 
of Capetown, Africa, she captured a slaver 
loaded with nine hundred negroes intended 
for the slave trade. They were released 
and returned to Africa. 

When the Wabash reached home Lieu- 
tenant Dalton being a southerner, promptly 
handed in hi? resignation to the Secretary 
of the United States Navy, who refused to 
accept it. and he was sent to Fort Warren 
as a prisoner of war. In the spring of 
1862 he was transferred to the frigate 
Cumberland, lying in Hampton Roads, and 
was exchanged a few days before that ship 
was sunk by the Merrimac (Virginia). He 
was stationed on the ladies' gunboat, Geor- 
gia, in the Savannah River, until the war 
closed. He died at the Old Soldier's Home 
in Richmond, la?t November. 

Commodore Marmaduke was a distin- 
guished hero, fighting the bow gun of the 
Merrimac, when its muzzle was shot off 
in her fight with the Cumberland. He was 
badly wounded, but stuck to his gun all 
through the fight. For several years after 
the war he edited the official correspondence 
for the Confederate Navy in the series of 
reports, which have been published of the 
United States and the Confederate States 
Navies. He died last November in Wash- 
ington City. 

Commodore E. M. Anderson was our 
flag officer. He was a midshipman on the 
Alabama, and the last one to jump over- 
board when that ship went down in the 
fight with the Kearsarge. He died two 
years ago. 

Commodore E. V. White was our chief 
engineer. He was assistant engineer on 

the Merrimac in her fight with the Monitor. 
He died three years ago. 

Commodore Dabney M. Scales, hero of 
the Arkansas, was our first Chief of Staff. 
He died five years ago, and was the first 
to go. 

Commodore John Grimball, our second 
Chief of Staff. He served on the Arkan- 
sas and on the Shenandoah. He died two 
years ago. 

Our staff as at present organized con- 
sists of Commodore W. B. Fort, of the 
gunboat, Columbia, Chief of Staff. 

Commodore W. R. Dalton, of the Cruiser 
Nashville, Surgeon General. 

Commodore John Murch, of the Cruiser 
Rappahannock, flag officer, succeeding 
Commodore Anderson. 

Commodore Thomas P. Johnston, of the 
gunboat Albemarle, chief purser. 

Commodore T. J. Appleyard, of the gun- 
boat Patrick Henry, executive officer. 

Admiral A. O. Wright, of the gunboat 
Hampton, in command. 

The last six named officers are still on 
deck and awaiting the command of the 
great Admiral on high summoning us to 
pass over the side. 

Current Issues 

The daily newspaper is current until next 
dav when another issue succeeds it. 

The weekly is current until the next week 
when another issue succeeds it. 

The monthly periodical is current until 
the next month, when another issue suc- 
ceeds it. 

A quarterly magazine is current for 
three months, when the next issue succeeds 
it. The January number of the Confed- 
erate Sailor will be current until the April 
number will succeed it. During those three 
months it will be read many times by many 


The Confederate Sailor 

Why Withdrawn? 

On Saturday, November 22d, last, The 
Associated Press furnished nearly every 
paper in the South with a dispatch an- 
nouncing that the U. D. C. had withdrawn 
its committee, appointed five years ago, 
which appeared in every issue of its an- 
nual minutes among its other committees 
during that period, bearing the title, "To 
Assist Admiral Wright Correct Naval 

When I read it several questions arose 
in my mind, as follows: 

1st. — What were the records that re- 
quired a committee to correct? 

2d. — How were the records to be cor- 
rected ? 

3d. — During the five years duration what 
had the committee done? 

4th.— Why did the U. D. C. withdraw 
this committee ? 

I think I can answer all these questions 
except one. The answer to the first is 
explained fully in the article entitled, "The 
Story of a Stigma," to be found in another 
column of this magazine. Second — By a 
law of congress removing this stigma, 
which was first introduced in 1918, and 
underwent several changes during the eight 
years I have been at work on it. As it 
finally appeared it was introduced by Sena- 
tor Harrison as an amendment to the 
Senate Naval Appropriation Bill, and the 
Congressional Record published it on page 
5578, Senate, April 2, 1924, and reads as 
follows : 

"That every officer of the United 
States Navy or Marine Corps who was 
dismissed therefrom solely because he 
left such service in order to join, or 
did join the Confederate forces for 
service during the War Between the 
States, shall be held and considered to 
have duly resigned and to have been 
honorably discharged therefrom, and 
the Secretary of the Navy is hereby 

authorized and directed to correct the 
records of such officers in accordance 
herewith, as of the date of their dis- 

Thn amendment was passed by both 
houses, but as Congress adjourned a day 
or two later, and there were objections to 
other amendments, a single objection by 
some member of the conference committee 
killed it. 

3d. — What had been done by the com- 
mittee? As they were scattered all over 
the United States, it was impossible for 
them to do anything. The chairman did 
her best, but being alone, she had to re- 
port failure on two occasions. Here is her 
report to the St. Louis Convention of the 
U. D. C. in November, 1921, the second 
of her reports on this subject. On page 
202-3 of the minutes of the convention, we 
read as follows : 

"Report of Chairman of Committee 
on assisting Admiral Wright to correct 
naval records. Madam President : 
Your committee has made an honest 
effort to perform the work assigned 
to it, i. e., to assist Admiral Wright in 
correcting naval records, but in view 
of the well known fact that Congress 
and the entire administration of the 
government is Republican, and not in 
sympathy with the work, the task has 
been hopeless. Hon. Stedman, who 
has been the advisor of your chair- 
man, and who is a Southern man, and 
a Democratic member of Congress, has 
advised that the committee make no 
further effort in the matter of correct- 
ing naval records until a more oppor- 
tune time. There is no necessity and 
nothing to be gained by running up 
against a stone wall. 

"Your chairman, therefore, in sub- 
mitting this report, would recommend 
that the committee be "honorably dis- 
charged" and the matter postponed ur> 

The Confederate Sailor 21 

til the complexion of Congress changes ing myself, giving my name, address and 
and the time is opportune and we can business, with a marked space for a one- 
see our way clear to present the mat- cent stamp in the upper right-hand corner, 
ter to Congress with some hope of sue- On the opposite side are a question and 
cess. three requests as follows : 

"Respectfully submitted, "Do you know of a Confederate sailor? 

"MRS. JAS. B. GANTT, If so, give 

Chairman for Missouri." His name 

4th. — Why did the U. D. C. withdraw His rank 

this committee? His ship - - - 

Answer.— I don't know. "Fill this out, sign your own name and 

Respectfully, address, put a one-cent stamp on this card 

A. O. WRIGHT, and drop it in a mail box." 

Admiral, U. C. V. When such a card reaches me, I again 

Richmond, Ya., Nov. 29, 1924. possess a starting point from which I fol- 

low up and perhaps secure a sailor's record. 

„, . „ . t,. , ,,,„ While the postcards are also bringing 

We Are Going to Find Em . , , , „ 

results, they, like the letters, are not wholly 
The last duty put upon me by mv ship- 

J ' , satisfactory, 

mates three years ago was to get the record ,. , „#„_,. "Thi, 

J & . t i And now comes my third ettort, l nc 

of every Confederate sailor, and I have „ ., „ t>_:„„-:i„ „,,,- r,Ki»r>t 

J . Confederate Sailor. Primarily, our ohject 

been on the job ever since. That meant . . . ■ , 

' , in this magazine venture is to have a ve- 

getting the records of over five thousand . . . • , , •, _„_■_„ 

6 to hide in which we can ride while running 

Confederate sailors and placing them on , . . _„_ . ,_, T r 

, . , , ., down clues and in getting more clues. It 

hie ,n the States from which these sailors ^ ^.^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ft may 

enlisted. To do this I went before the ^ ^ ^^ Qf securing m()re recQrds of 

legislatures of the Southern State > and ., , _„__ .. mn i ptp 

s . Confederate sailors and more complete 

asked their endorsement and co-operation , 

which they granted to the limit. They T ', . .. -,, „._ ^ r „ 

J & In order to sugar-coat the pill, we are 

voted me everythingf but money. , ,. , . . . . • ,. i . i; + „,„ 

y s - publishing in this magazine the best litera- 

Now this work requires money. In the , . . „„:„n„ ^^fi^Uc 

, . , . _ , , . a- ■ , r , ture we can obtain, especially articles, 

egislation effected, the city officials ot the , ... r™( A on t 

s , , . anecdotes, etc., connected with Lontederate 

Southern States were asked to assist me , . 

j tt j .i naval history, 
by authorizing tag days. Under these con- 
ditions I have evolved a system by which 
I am getting results. I am distributing let- 
ters bearing on one side the law authorized Which is the best article in this maga- 
bv each State, and on the opposite side a zine, and why? Written replies are re- 
questionnaire, the answers to which will quested from those who will honor us. A 
get me started on a sailor's record. 1 have few of the best will appear in our next 
distributed thousands of these all over the issue. 

South through the churches, schools, lodges 

and other associations. While I am receiv- 
ing some information from them, it is not We wish t0 emp i oy a superintendent of 
altogether satisfactory. circulation in every Southern city, and 
My next move was to distribute thou- solicit correspondence with some reliable 
sands of postcards, on one side introduc- person in each 


The Confederate Sailor 

"The Veterans' Parade" 

"Veterans' Parade", Poem, one of the 
features of the Confederate Re-Union. 

Returning from the Re-Union at Mem- 
phis, where he had a most delightful 
time, Mr. Harry Shaw, one of Franklin 
County's distinguished Confederate sol- 
diers, brought with him the Re-Union 
poem. This poem was written by Mr. G. 
W. Hendon, an old friend of Mr. Shaw's, 
and was memorized by many veterans at 
the Re-Union. The poem follows: 

Git me my old knapsack Mary, and my 

uniform of gray, 
Git my battered helmet Mary, for I'll need 

them all today, 
Git my canteen and my leggins, reach me 

down my rusty gun, 
For I am going out parading with the boys 

of '61. 

I'm going back to Dixie, 
I'm going back to Dixie, 
I'm going where the orange blossoms grow, 
I hear the boys calling, 
As one by one they are falling, 
My heart turns back to Dixie, and I must 

Never mind those bloodstains Mary, never 

mind that ragged hole, 
They were left there by a bullet, that was 

seeking for my soul ; 
Brush off the cobwebs Mary, get that bon- 
ny flag of blue, 
For I'm going out parading with the boys 

of '62. 

These old clothes don't fit me Mary, as 
they did when I was young, 

Don't you recollect how neatly to my man- 
ly form they clung; 

Never mind the sleeve that is empty, let it 
wrangle loose and free, 

For I'm going out parading with the boys 
of '63. 

Pull my sword belt tighter Mary, fix that 

strap beneath my chin, 
I've grown old and threadbare Mary, like 

my uniform I'm thin, 
But I reckon I'll pass muster as I did in 

days of yore, 
For I'm going out parading with the boys 

of '64. 

Now I'm ready Mary, kiss your old sweet- 
heart goodbye, 

Brush away those teardrops Mary, Lord I 
didn't think you'd cry, 

I ain't going forth to battle, cheer up Mary 
sakes alive, 

I'm just going out parading with the boys 
of" '65. 

Two Letters 

"Executive Department, Austin, Texas" 
"(Admiral A. O. Wright, 
Navy Department, U. C. V., 
Austin, Texas. 
"My Dear Admiral: 

"I am much interested in your work of 
rescuing from oblivion the records of en- 
listment, service and discharge of our 
heroes of the Confederate navy, and am 
glad that our legislature has endorsed it. 
The thought of the Tag Day suggested by 
their resolution is, in my judgment, a very 
effective way to get the matter properly 
before the public. No one misses the pit- 
tance contributed and it is capable of doing 
great good. 

"It is only just that the Confederate sailor 
should be remembered in our records the 
same as the Confederate soldier has been, 
for the wonderful work accomplished by 
the sailors of the Confederate navy is un- 
paralleled in history. 

"Wishing you Godspeed in your noble 
work. I am, 

"Sincerely yours, 
"(Signed) Pat M. Neff, 

"Governor of Texas." 

The Confederate Sailor 


Letter From Walter A. Sims 

City of Atlanta 

"Office of the Mayor" 

January 31, 1924. 
"Admiral A. O. Wright, U. C. V., 
Atlanta, Ga. 
"My Dear Admiral: 

"The work you are engaged in impresses 
me seriously, that of preserving for the 
future the records of those grand old 
heroes who served in our navy during the 
war of the 'Sixties. 

"I am glad that the Georgia legislature, 
at its session last summer, so heartily gave 
the work and the cause its approval, for 
one should not permit the gallant deeds of 
these immortal heroes to be forgotten. 

"It is to be regretted, however, that there 
is no fund provided to defray the expense 
of this great undertaking, but I do hope 
our citizens will, by voluntary donations, 
contribute a sum sufficient at least to gather 
records of those sailors who went out from 

"Very truly, 
"(Signed) Walter A. Sims, 

General W. B. Haldeman, 

U. C. V., Commander-in-Chief 

General W. B. Haldeman, soldier, sailor, 
and a gentleman of the old school of Ken- 
tucky, has passed over the river. As he 
lived, a Kentuckian, with all of Kentucky's 
traditions (and we write it reverently), he 
died as he had lived, among his loved ones. 
His last gaze on life was to witness his 
horses win and lose. 

At the time of his death, General Halde- 
man was Commander-in-Chief of the 
United Confederate Veterans, and was 
serving his second term. 

A hero of the Confederate army and a 
hero of the Confederate navy, with him it 
was "Tros Tyrisque." 

Place to his manes ! 

That's What He Did 

The story is told of a ship captain stand- 
ing on the front deck of the cruiser "Ala- 
bama," just after she had captured and 
burned a Federal merchantman. To com- 
fort him a midshipman approached and 
tried to console him. His mood was such 
that he resented consolation. The midship- 
man not discouraged, made another effort, 
and said : 

"Now Captain, just to think, if this 
morning you had set your courses a quarter 
east of your usual course, while you might 
have gone somewhat out of your way, you 
would at least not have been caught by 
the "Alabama." 

Turning upon the midshipman in a rage, 
he replied : 

k "Yes, that is exactly what I did, if I 
hadn't been a darned fool, I would have 
kept my usual course and escaped being 
caught and burned, Oh ! don't bother me." 

The Old Soldiers and Sailors 

Uncle Sam has assumed the care of every 
veteran of the Union Army of the War 
of the 60's. He has also assumed the care 
of the Spanish-American and the World 
War veterans — 

Somebody should assume the care of the 
Confederate veteran, for he is outside the 
pale so far as Uncle Sam is concerned. The 
several Southern States have undertaken 
this work, assisted by Southern patriotic 

The fact that he is outside the pale of 
Uncle Sam ought to make him an object 
of especial care by the Southern people — 
Is he? 

A Peculiarity About the Coming Eclipse 

There will be a total eclipse of the sun 
on the 24th of January, totality extending 
from Lake Ontario where it rises in eclipse, 
describing an arc to the Orkney Islands, 
where it sets in eclip;-e. It will be a partial 


The Confederate Sailor 

eclipse in the South. Somewhere around 
noon when the crescent is thinnest a pe- 
culiarity will appear, not generally noticed, 
under the shades of the trees, if the day 
be clear, where ordinarily are seen little 
round spots of sunshine, percolating to the 
earth. During the time of the eclipse those 
little round spots will assume the crescent 
shape. I noticed this peculiarity some years 
ago while under the shade of a tree at my 
home in Florida, during an eclipse of the 
sun. As the eclipse passes the spots resume 
their round shape. 

At the end of this magazine may be 
seen two leaves perforated. One is to be 
used by any one knowing of any Con- 
federate Sailor, dead or alive. 

The other leaf is a hint how one or more 
readers can obtain a copy of this number 
of The Confederate Sailor. Full explana- 
tion is given how to use it, and we hope 
many will make use of them. 

The Work Will Go on 

Securing a monument to the Confederate 
naval heroes of the siege of Vicksburg, 
the stigma bill in Congress to remove it, 
explained elsewhere, a pension for every 
Confederate sailor, if living, or for his 
widow if he is dead, the gathering and 
placing on file where they belong the records 
of our heroic dead, have occupied my time 
for several years past. 

Realizing my limitations and infirmities, 
I am arranging it so that this work shall 
continue, should I pass away before these 
undertakings have been accomplished. I 
am eighty years young, and growing 
younger every year, and some day may die 
of cholera infantum, but hope to see them 
all accomplished before that event occurs. 

hurried affair, steam of course being a mat- 
ter of finance. The question of advertising 
was considered from every standpoint, and 
the tentative solicitation received perhaps 
better reception than is usually accorded to 
a new publication. In the limited time al- 
lotted for the preparation of the first issue, 
however, it was not possible to obtain suf- 
ficient advertising to pay for the time and 
effort necessary. Moreover, advertising 
"copy" could not be prepared in time to 
appear in the first number. 

"Whole hog or none" was the slogan 
finally adopted by the skipper, and his or- 
ders were conveyed to the engineer. Fuel 
was provided from other sources, steam 
was hurriedly gotten up and the good ship 
left the harbor on schedule time. It is an- 
ticipated that sale of the first number will 
in part pay for the fuel used in this num- 

Subsequent numbers of The Confed- 
erate Sailor will carry advertising, and 
rates will be furnished upon request. All 
communications should be addressed to 
The Confederate Sailor, Murphy's Hotel, 
Richmond, Va. 

There are five thousand copies of the 
first issue, distributed among a choice class 
of people throughout the South. The April 
number will doubtless have a larger circu- 
lation. This magazine affords an especially 
good medium for advertisers whose in- 
terests lie in Southern territory. 

From the Boiler Room 
Getting up steam for the first voyage of 
The Confederate Sailor was a distinctly 

"Shorten Sail" 

A boatswain's mate from the cruiser, 
"Florida," was attending church one Sun- 
day in Bahia, Brazil. It was the church 
usually attended by the English colony. Be- 
ing hard of hearing, he took a seat in the 
front pew so that he could hear the preacher 

The sermon was on the tendency of the 
times where the people were leading reck- 
less lives. Seeing the old tar in the front 

The Confederate Sailor 

pew, in sailor's uniform, the preacher took 
on a nautical turn for his sermon and, in 
describing how the reckless ones were rap- 
idly drifting to perdition, he cried out : 

"You reckless people are going to hell 
as fast as you can with your upper and 
lower sails set !" 

This alarmed the old boatswain's mate, 
and he arose, faced the congregation, at 
the same time pulling his boatswain's whis- 
tle from his pocket, blew it and, putting 
his hands to his mouth, cried out : 

"All hands shorten sail !" 

It seemed to him that they were going 
too fast. 

Don't forget that during the current year, 
1925, it is the purpose of the Navy Depart- 
ment, U. C. V., to issue Volume I., of Con- 
federate Sailors' Records to contain the in- 
dividual record of every Confederate sailor 
obtained through our research work up to 

The following year we intend to issue 
Volume II., and to issue another each year 
as long as we can obtain such records. 

About Sailors' Pants 

The question is often asked why sailors 
wear pants with such broad bottoms. The 
tradition in the Confederate Navy was that 
it was easier to roll them up while washing 
and "holy-stoning" the deck. 

The phrase "holy-stoning" does not refer 
to devotional exercises, but a large stone, 
known as the holy-stone, is pulled back and 
forth across the deck by a rope, while other 
sailors draw water from over the side to 
wash down the deck. 

All the crew usually take part in this 
"washing down decks." 

She Liked It 

The young man was cultivating the par- 
son's daughter. Escorting her home from 
church one Sunday, he remarked : 

"That was a fine sermon your father 
preached this morning." 

"Yes," she replied, not too enthusiasti- 
cally, "I always did like that sermon." 

As this magazine is published by the 
Navy Department, U. C. V., in the interest 
of its research work, after paying the 
necessary expenses of its publication every 
penny received on its account goes to the 
fund that is defraying the expense of that 
work. So every purchaser of a copy, or 
subscriber for it contributes something to 
that fund. 

The Southern Rover, a bi-monthly pub- 
lication, issued in Winsor, Ontario, Canada, 
by William S. Hammond, who is in charge 
o£ the publicity department of the S. C. V. 
is also doing a great work in keeping up 
the traditions of the fathers. 

Arkansas is the only State that voted an 
appropriation out of its State treasury to 
aid our fund. By the way, what an ex- 
cellent use some lover of the Confederate 
Navy and its traditions, could make of 
some of his surplus finances, by endowing 
a fund for that purpose. 

The legislatures of Georgia and Alabama 
have authorized their transportation lines 
to ride every old Confederate veteran re- 
siding in those States at half fare. Texas 
passed a law authorizing them to ride him 
free for the balance of his life. 

The States of Virginia, Georgia, Alabama. 
Florida, Tennessee and Texas have voted 
joint resolutions approving our work, and 
the governors of North and South Carolina 
and Kentucky have issued proclamations 
for the same purpose. We publish the 
Virginia law. 

Lewis Printing Company 
richmond. virginia 


To the Public: 

We, the survivors of the Confederate Navy, ask that you read this paper, both sides, this side 
being a questionnaire to aid us in obtaining some record of the enlistment, service and discharge of 
the Confederate sailors, and the opposite side the law that urges you to do so. 

If you ever heard of a man who claimed to have served in the Confederate Navy, fill out this blank, giving 
as much information as possible. 


Name (and if alive address) of the Confederate Sailor 

2. Record of Service: 


Rank — (State whether he was an Officer, a Seaman, a Marine, or a Blockade-Runner) 

(b) •- 

Date of enlistment and where ; also what State he was from 

(c) t 

If transferred, dates and to what ships transferred 


If captured, where, when and to what prison he was sent 


If killed in action, when and where 

(0 - - --■• 

If he surrendered, when and where 

3. Names and addresses of members of his family, and state what relation: 


Whereabouts of any papers, letters or other data that may aid us 


Your name and address 

After filling out this questionnaire mail it to me at our General Headquarters, Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Va. 

Admiral, Navy Department, U. C. V. 

Save Our Confederate Sailors' Records 

To the Public: 

In the efforts of the Navy Department, U. C. V., to rescue from oblivion before it is too late. 
Every Southern State has endorsed our efforts, most of them by a joint resolution of their legisla- 
tures, when in session, and by proclamations of the Governors when not in session. The following 
joint resolution, passed by the legislature of Virginia, is a specimen. 

Joint Resolution endorsing Admiral A. 0. Wright's efforts to reeoue 
the reoords of Confederate sailors from oblivion. 

Whereas, there were about 6,500 sailors in the Navy of the 
Confederate States of America, averaging 500 from each State, the 
reoords of whose enlistment, service and disoharge were destroyed 
when Richmond was evaouated, and, 

Whereas, it is with difficulty that their dependents and 
survivors secure pensions and admission to the Confederate Soldier «s 
Homes without them, and, 

Whereas, there are to be found among the families of their 
descendants valuable papers, consisting of offioial documents, 
letters and other data that will enable these records to be established, 

Whereas, Admiral A. 0. Wright is now engaged 'in rescuing such 
records, which, when recbvered, are to be plaoed in the arohives 
of the State, alongside the reoords of the Confederate soldiers 
Already on file there; 

Therefore, Be it resolved by the Senate, the House of 
Representatives concurring, 

1st. That the efforts of Admiral Wright ajad hi» surviving 
shipmates of the Confederate Navy to resoue suoh reoords be endorsed 
and oommended to the consideration and support of the people of 

3nd. That the municipal and patriotlo organizations of 
the State of Virginia be requested to assist Admiral Wright by 
tag days, and other methods to raise the necessary funds for that 
purpose, and in order that this work may be thorough, we request 
that all County offioials and benevolent organizations make a full 
investigation ia. their respective localities to asoertain whether 
or not there ever lived among them a Confederate sailor, and if 
so, adv$»e the authorities in order that his oase may be investigated, 
and his reoord established. 

3rd. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to Admiral 
Wright. . . >, 


It will be observed that this leaf is perforated. On the opposite side is a questionaire, tens 
of thousands of which have been distributed throughout the South. The questionaire is general and 
applies to all the States, and on receipt of them we arrange them in order and place them on file 
where they belong. 

Help Save Our Confederate Sailors' Records 

On this leaf are six perforated coupons, to be torn off and used by any one or more who may 
desire a copy of this number. Recipients of the Confederate Sailor are respectfully requested to 
show this copy to their friends, and it may be that one or more may desire to secure a copy. If 
so just tear off one or more coupons, according to the number desiring a copy and hand them out. 
Each one will fill out his coupon, signing his (or her) name and address and send it to me at 
Murphy's Hotel, with 25 cents accompanying the order, and a copy will be promptly sent by return 
mail to that address. To clubs of four to one address on receipt of $1.00 a fifth copy will be in- 
cluded for the one getting up the club. 


A. O. WRIGHT, admiral, u. c. v., 

Editor, The Confederate Sailor. 


Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Ya. 
Enclosed please find 25 cents to pay 
January issue of The Confederate Sailor. 





Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Va. 
Enclosed please find 25 cents to pay 
January issue of The Confederate Sailor. 





Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Va. 
Enclosed please find 25 cents to pay 

January issue of The Confederate Sailor. 



Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Va. 
Enclosed please find 25 cents to pay 

January issue of The Confederate Sailor. 



Address .. .. 


Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Ya. 
Enclosed please find 25 cents to pay 

January issue of The Confederate Sailor. 



Murphy's Hotel, Richmond, Va. 
Enclosed please find 25 cents to pay 

January issue of The Confederate Sailor. 






where the> 



Staff of the Navy Department, U. C. V. 


Gunboat "Hampton" 



Gunboat "Columbia" 
Chief of Staff 


Torpedo Boat "David" 

Chief Engineer 


Ram "Albemarle" 

Chief Purser 


Cruiser "Nashville" 
Chief Surgeon 


Cruiser "Rappahannock" 

Flag Officer 


Gunboat "Patrick Henry" 
Executive Officer